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Friday, May 8, 2020 | History

3 edition of Experiments in Crushing Green River Oil Shale. found in the catalog.

Experiments in Crushing Green River Oil Shale.

United States. Bureau of Mines.

Experiments in Crushing Green River Oil Shale.

by United States. Bureau of Mines.

  • 12 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by s.n in S.l .
Written in English


Edition Notes

1

SeriesReport of investigations (United States. Bureau of Mines) -- 5563
ContributionsMatzick, A., Dannenberg, R.O., Guthrie, B.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21744821M

The Green River oil shales have provided one of the very strongest arguments for millions of years, or at least one of the most used. Take a specimen of the shale and slice it open perpendicular to the normal bedding, so that you look at the rock's internal characteristics from the side. You will see a multitude of tiny laminations, like pages in a book, but alternating light and dark. The history of the oil shale industry started in ancient times. The modern industrial use of oil shale for oil extraction dates to the midth century and started growing just before World War I because of the mass production of automobiles and trucks and the supposed shortage of gasoline for transportation needs. Between the World Wars oil shale projects were begun in several countries.

The shale oil/gas mainly exists in the form of associative adsorption in the rock and organic pores surface, and partly in the form of dissociative adsorption and free state. 1 A complex structure is formed in shale reservoirs with a large number of micro‐nanopores in the range of 2–50 nm by small‐angle scattering, focused ion beam Cited by: 7. Inorganic Chemistry. Comparison of the Manganese Cluster in Oxygen-Evolving Photosystem II with Distorted Cubane Manganese Compounds through X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy. ACS Sensors. Target Confinement in Small Reaction Volumes Using Microfluidic Technologies: A Smart Approach for Single-Entity Detection and Analysis. The Journal of Physical.

Structural Characterization of Green River Oil Shale Core Segments and the Kerogen Isolated from these Segments!!! Anita M. Orendt, Lauren P. Birgenheier, Mark S. Solum, Ronald J. Pugmire, Julio C. Facelli – University of Utah Darren Locke, Karena Chapman, Soenke Seifert, Randall Winans, Peter Chupas – Advanced.   Here, nanomechanical properties of in situ kerogen surrounded by minerals in oil shale are evaluated for the Green River Formation oil shale of Colorado Piceance Basin. Electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy experiments indicate that the sizes of kerogen-rich phases in the oil shale samples are of the scale of 10–50 nm.


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Experiments in Crushing Green River Oil Shale by United States. Bureau of Mines. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Matzick, Arthur. Experiments in crushing Green River oil shale (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication. Experiments in crushing Green River oil shale / By Arthur. Matzick, Boyd Guthrie and R. (Raymond O.) Dannenberg.

Abstract. Includes bibliographical of access: Internet Topics: Oil-shales. Oil shale - Oil shale - Western U.S. oil shale: Oil shales of the Green River Formation (GRF) of Utah, Wyoming, and Colorado in the western United States have been considered economically valuable since the early 20th century.

During the mids, oil shale was burned and oil distilled from shale in Utah. In Colorado, shale oil was used as smudge in orchards about the end of the 19th century.

Oil shale is a petroleum source rock that has not undergone the natural processes required to convert its organic matter to oil and gas. However, oil shale kerogen can be converted artificially to liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons by pyrolysis. Heating oil shale in place (in situ) has a number of operational, economic, and environmental advantages over surface retorts, particularly when the Cited by: The oil shale samples used were from the Mahogany zone of the Green River formation.

The samples were crushed and screened to mesh size (particles less than × 10 −4 m in size). The carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen (CHNSO) elemental analyses of the sample were performed using LECO CHNS and VTF units and results are shown in Table by: Recently, we carried out a series of anhydrous, semi-open pyrolysis experiments using shale from the Garden Gulch Member of the Green River oil shale, Piceance Basin, Colorado.

8 The pyrolysis. Acoustic wave propagation in oil shale 1. Experiments Thomas Mraz, Joel DuBow* and Krishnan Rajeshwar Department of Electrical Engineering.

Colorado State University, Fort Coffins, COUSA (Received 19 March / revised 27 January ) This study examines the propagation characteristics of compressional (P) and shear (S) acoustic waves through cored and broken Green River oil shale Cited by: 5.

Yields from the GC quantitation method were therefore lower than via the Rock-Eval style method for the short duration experiments at and C and for all the C experiments 70 a,0., 50 ~~ 3~ i r 3 v \s rc 40 5 ~A)Posidonia Shale 3~ 1 0 20 40 60 80 70 i 60 \ > s'`Z 50,o~, ~__A5_;_ 40 B) Green River Shale 30 0 20 40 60 80 Cited by:   The Rand Corporation, a nonprofit research organization, estimates that 30 to 60 percent of the oil shale in the Green River Formation can be recovered.

Because traditional oil resources are declining, new-found attention is being focused on oil shale, coal, and oil sand as potential supplies of future energy. Unfortunately, extensive use of coal and oil shale could cause severe environmental problems.

For example, oil shale retorting produces significant amounts of hydrogen sulfide and other gaseous sulfur species, e.g., g H2S/ g shale.

Table 1 presents the mineral composition of the outcrop oil shale sample in weight percent collected from the Green River Formation which is a Parachute Creek member. Quartz is the primary component of the shale, along with a considerable amount of dolomite.

The oil shale sample also has low amount of calcite and analcime as reported before (Hakala et al., ).Cited by: 3. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Thomas, H.E. Hydraulic fracturing of Wyoming Green River oil shale. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of. The Green River drilling is beginning as shale mining is booming in the U.S.

and a report by the International Energy Agency predicts that the U.S. will become the world's largest oil. A series of artificial maturation (anhydrous, semi-open pyrolysis) experiments on Green River oil shale have been performed to simulate the thermal maturation of type I kerogen.

The goals of this program were to develop a kinetic model of petroleum generation from oil shale and to characterize the yield and composition of petroleum as a function of artificial thermal maturity.

The thermal Cited by: Triaxial experiments and direct fluid injection experiments have been conducted at confining pressures up to MPa on Mancos shale, Whitby mudstone, Penrhyn slate, and Pennant sandstone. Experiments were conducted with sample axes lying both parallel and perpendicular to Cited by: 1.

Beneficiation of Green River Oil Shale by Pelletization J. REISBERG Chap DOI: /bkch Publication Date (Print): September 3, Porosity and permeability of Green River oil shale and their changes during retorting Article in Fuel September with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

In this process, oil shale is heated in the absence of oxygen until its kerogen decomposes into condensable shale oil vapors and non-condensable combustible oil shale gas. Oil vapors and oil shale gas are then collected and cooled, causing the shale oil to ock: Oil shale.

Green River shale oil yields; correlation with elemental analysis Article (PDF Available) in Fuel January with 31 Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Edward Werner Cook. The Bureau of Mines has conducted a field hydraulic fracturing experiment to determine the preferential orientation of induced fractures in oil shale at a depth of about feet in the Green River.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.The structure of organomineral aggregates formed upon the crushing of shale rocks was studied by electron microscopy.

Based on the experimental data, a procedure was developed for the separation of kerogen from the oil shale by physicochemical processing.

DOI: /S1. Introduction. Closed-system pyrolysis experiments have shown that liquid H 2 O has a significant effect on petroleum generation from Type-II kerogen in oil-prone source rocks.

Lewan () demonstrated that pyrolysis of Type-II kerogen in the Woodford Shale generated more liquid petroleum products in the presence of water than in its absence. The initial overall reaction of kerogen Cited by: